Trauma Focused Interventions: A Clinical Practice Analysis

  • Jose Carbajal Stephen F. Austin State University
Keywords: Trauma, EMDR, Research and Practice, Education, Specialization


This paper presents a systematic review on trauma treatment interventions. These interventions have different theoretical perspectives on trauma etiology and its application. The empirical findings of these trauma treatment therapies are presented. The literature identifies five therapies as the most effective treatment modalities. These therapies are cognitive therapy (CT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), cognitive processing therapy (CPT), prolonged exposure therapy (PE), and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. They are all validated with a small nuance on treatment approach and effectiveness. However, to use these five interventions, practitioners need to consider and apply the research findings that indicate which intervention is best for which population. Based on the findings, suggestions are made for which population the different interventions are best suited.

Author Biography

Jose Carbajal, Stephen F. Austin State University

Jose Carbajal, PhD, MSW, MTS, LCSW, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Social Work at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, TX. His research interest is in the effects of psychological trauma and interventions clinicians use to treat trauma, neuroscience and social work practice, faith and trauma, ethics, social disparity and distribution of wealth. He also a consultant and provider on trauma treatment, child therapy, and integrated behavioral health.